European Oak

Quercus petrea, Quercus robur
Other name: European White Oak

European Oak wood

European Oak 1

General description

Oak trees are one of the dominant broad-leaved species of temperate Europe. The trees grow 20 - 30 m in height with diameters ranging from 40 - 80 cm.

Wood description

Sapwood is thin, between 1 to 4 cm, and white.The clearly demarcated heartwood is light brown to dark brown. Oak is mostly straight grained with a medium to coarse texture.
Annual rings and rays are clearly visible, oak is a ring porous wood.
European White Oak is a hard and heavy wood with medium strength properties.
Machining is well, nailing and screwing properties are good, but pre-boring is necessary. Gluing must be done with care, the wood is dense, slightly acid an rich in tannins.

European Oak 2

Common uses

European White Oak is one of the most important hardwoods and is mainly used for furniture and flooring. It is also used for stairs, windows and doors and also for external paneling.

Physical characteristics
Density (at 12 % moisture content) 702 kg/m3
Total longitudinal shrinkage 0.4 %
Total radial shrinkage 4.3 %
Total tangential shrinkage 8.9 %
Equilibrium moisture content  
(20° C/ 37 % rel. humidity) 8.9 %
(20° C/ 83 % rel. humidity) 17.2 %
Mechanical characteristics
Modulus of elasticity under bending 13000 N/mm2
Modulus of rupture under bending 88 N/mm2
Tension strength 90 N/mm2
Compression strength 61 N/mm2
Brinell hardness perpendicular to the fibres 34 N/mm2
Janka Hardness 4.5 kN
Nail withdrawal strength in N per mm depth and mm diameter 17 N/mm2
Natural durability and treatability (according to en 350-2)
Fungi Class 2 durable
Dry wood borers durable
Termites Class M - moderately durable
Treatability 4 - not permeable

Natural durability is based on mature heartwood. Sapwood must always be considered as non durable against wood destroying agents.

European Wood (in China)
C412, Beijing Lufthansa Center
50 Liangmaqiao Road, Chaoyang District
Beijing, P.R. China 100125
T +86 10 6462 2066, F +86 10 6462 2067
Sino-European Wood Center
Room 202, Engineering Department,
Taoliyuan Hou, Xuhui Campus of Jiaotong University,
No.655 Panyu Road, Xu Hui District, Shanghai