Building with wood
Using wood in building structures is nothing new. Throughout the ages, in those places where forests grow, wood has commonly been used as a building material. The international trade with timber also means that countries with limited availability of forest resources can nowadays have access to wood for building purposes, wood that comes from sustainable and certified forestry. Building with wood is energy-efficient, cost-effective and environmentally friendly.
Wood has many benefits as a building material. It is naturally beautiful and widely available. Its low thermal resistance and capacity to insulate economically provide excellent energy-efficiency. Strong and light, with exceptional load bearing capacity, it is easy to handle and transport. It reduces the need for massive foundations. Fast, flexible and simple to renovate, it is easy to work with on-site using simple tools, yet ideally suited to factory prefabrication. It is available as solid wood timber products, graded to meet performance requirements, or can be engineered into panels, columns and beams which are manufactured to meet precise performance characteristics. Above all, it is a naturally renewable, organic material that makes a significant contribution to the reduction of the earth’s emissions of carbon dioxide.
Wood construction has significant advantages in severe seismic zones because of its light weight and natural flexibility. Prefabrication makes wood buildings even faster to erect, which is another reason why they are so cost-effective. And they are built to the same code requirements and performance levels of fire safety and durability as concrete and steel buildings.
Chinese national codes and standards have been published to ensure appropriate design and detailing to resist potential vulnerability to fire, microbial activity and movement due to changes in moisture.